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Authority record

Brodie, Robert

  • Person
  • 21st century

Robert Brodie was one of the senior educators at the Natal College of Education.

Brooke, Robert

  • Person

Robert Brooke joined the East India Company as an ensign in 1764 and had a distinguished career in India, taking part in many military campaigns. When he went on leave in 1774 he invested his fortune in a scheme to grow cotton in Ireland.

When this scheme failed in 1787 he applied to the East India Company to be reinstated. This they would not do in full but appointed him governor of St. Helena.

During his years as governor at St. Helena, from 1787-1801, he strengthened the defences and recruited and drilled troops for service in India.

Despite the fact that his plan to capture the Cape of Good Hope was anticipated by the British attack under General Baird, he was highly commended by the government and in 1799 was presented with a diamond-hilted sword as a mark of esteem. He had to resign in 1801 due to ill health and died shortly afterwards.

Broome, Francis Napier

  • Person

Francis Napier Broome was the Judge President Natal and M.P.

The Commission was appointed by the Governor-General, G.B. van Zyl, to report on housing, health, welfare and recreational facilities in Durban, on the respective responsibilities of the Government, the Provincial Administration and the local authority and to make recommendations.

Bruce, John

  • Person

John Bruce was an Edinburgh historian (1745-1826) who was befriended by Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, Secretary of State for War. Through Melville's influence he was given several posts, including that of patent of King's Printer and Stationer for Scotland, Keeper of State Papers Office and Secretary for Latin language and historiographer to the East India Co. (See D.N.B.).

He compiled several valuable works, including some which were privately printed for the confidential use of members of the government.

Bunting, Sidney Percival

  • Person
  • 1873-1936

Sidney Percival Bunting , lawyer, labour leader and founding member and leader of the Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) in 1921.

Cachalia, Amina

  • Person

Amina Cachalia, daughter of Ebrahim Ismail Asvat and Fatima Issack, was born on 28 June 1932, as the ninth of 11 children. She grew up in the Vereeniging location of Johannesburg and later moved to Newclare, west of Johannesburg. Her first school attendance was at a 'Coloured' Afrikaans medium school and later at an 'Indian school', after the family had moved to Fordsburg in Johannesburg.

The 1946 the Passive Resistance Campaign involved most members of the Asvat family. Amina too elected to go to prison but was considered too young at the time. In 1948 she was offered a scholarship by the Indian Government to further her studies in India but was refused a passport. Later that year she co-founded the Women's Progressive Union, of which she became the Secretary, and later went on to join the Indian Youth Congress, where she served as a National Executive member.

When the Congress Alliance launched the Defiance Campaign in 1952, she was one of the youngest women arrested and sent to prison. In 1954 she participated in the inaugural launch of the Federation of South African Women FEDSAW), together with Lilian Ngoyi and Helen Joseph, and later served as the National Treasurer.

In July 1955 she was married to Yusuf Cachalia, son of Ahmed Muhammad Cachalia and Katija Cachalia (Nanie)ø, then Secretary of the South African Indian Congress, with whom she was to have two children, Ghaleb and Dilshad (Coco). Yusuf Cachalia died on 10 May 1995 at the age of 80.

Amina Cachalia was an organizer of the historic march of 20,000 women on the Union Buildings on 9 August 1956. She was served with her first banning order in 1963, which was re-imposed successively between 1963-1978. Her husband Yusuf spent 27 years as a banned person and 10 years under house arrest. When her banning order was not repeated in 1980 she immediately resumed active politics during the campaign to oppose the Tricameral Parliament. She was elected patron of the Federation of Transvaal Women (FEDTRAW). She continued to work towards the United Democratic Front (UDF).

Additionally, she served as a director of Snapper Clothes (Pty) Ltd, a company which she and her late husband started in 1958.

With the beginning of South Africa's new dispensation in 1994, Amina Cachalia continued her active political service in various capacities. She was instrumental in Nelson Mandela's Presidency; later became a trustee of the Nelson Mandela Children's Fund and other charities; served on the Finance Committee of the ANC Women's League, being the Treasurer of the PWV Region; was the ANC candidate for the National Assembly; and she became chairperson of the 'World in Soweto' Project, geared to the upliftment of Soweto.

On the 20 April 2004 she became South Africa's first Indian woman to receive an honorary degree in Law from the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

Amina Cachalia is the recipient of The National Order of Luthuli in Bronze, awarded to her for her lifetime contribution to the struggle for gender equality, non-racialism and a free and democratic South Africa.

Calata, Rev. James Arthur

  • Person

James Arthur Calata was born at Debe Nek, near King William's Town in the Cape Province in 1895 and later trained as a teacher at St. Matthew's College, 1915-1920. In 1921 he left teaching to become an Anglican priest. He was ordained in 1926 as a Deacon in the Anglican Church in Port Elizabeth and, after a short spell at Somerset East, proceeded to Cradock where he served as minister from 1928 until his retirement in 1968.

The Rev. Calata, however, was also a central figure in African social and political life being involved in, amongst others, the Pathfinders Movement, the African Parents Association, the Society of Saint Ntsikana, and the African National Congress in 1930. In 1935 he acted as Chaplain of the A.N.C. and as Secretary General between 1936 and 1949 when he resigned because he was not in favour of the Programme for Action. He was instrumental in getting A. B. Xuma elected President of ANC as he saw he was able to attract more educated people within the movement.

He was held and tried for treason in 1956 and acquitted. He was banned in 1962 for having 2 twenty-year-old photographs of an ANC deputation on his wall.

Caroline Douglas

  • Person
  • 19th century

Daughter of Captain Joseph Hare, and grand-daughter of William Wilberforce Bird and wife of William Douglas.

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