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1981 Detainees Oral History Project

  • ZA SAHA AL2933
  • Fonds
  • 2002-2003

The South African History Archive (SAHA) and Historical Papers were approached by thirty seven people, who were imprisoned on 22 September 1981 and detained for anything from fourteen days to just under one year, to document and preserve their stories. The interviewees are: Cedric de Beer, Hannchen Koornhof, Maurice Smithers, Prema Naidoo, Norman Manoim, Caroline Cullinan, Emma Mashinini, Merle Favis, Pravin Gordhan, Audrey Coleman, Gavin Anderson, Barbara Klugman, Cedric Maysom, Kathy Satchwell, Alan Fine, Monty Narsoo and Joanne Yawitch. A number of the detainees (Rob Adam, Barbara Hogan, Alan Fine, Hannchen Koornhof, Prema Naidoo and Shireesh Nanabhai) went on trial and, in the case of Hogan and Adam, were jailed until the release of political prisoners in 1990. Neil Aggett died while in detention. Whilst other people were detained during this period, the detainees listed here were picked for their links to one another.

South African History Archive

Ahmed Kathrada Foundation Collection

  • ZA SAHA AL3300
  • Fonds
  • 2011

This collection was first created in September 2015 as a digital collection, intended to create access to various digital records relating to the Ahmed Kathrada Foundation's work on non-racialism, through SAHA's online repository "Tracing the Unbreakable Thread"

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AIDS in Context Conference Collection

  • ZA SAHA AL2880
  • Fonds
  • 2001

The conference proceedings comprised a keynote address by Justice Edwin Cameron (Supreme Court Judge active in the fight for the rights of gay and HIV positive South Africans), parallel sessions (totalling 26 over three days) and panel discussions on Media and HIV/AIDS and Prevention and Behaviour change. The conference proceedings have been arranged alphabetically according to the name of the presenter. Sound recordings of some of the proceedings are included. The posters were used for the protest march held in Pretoria as part of the Treatment Action Campaign, after which they were on display at Wits to coincide with the Conference and are placed with the Poster Collection (AL2446). The ephemera were also on exhibition at Wits as part of the "Living Openly Exhibition" and are placed with the Ephemera Collection (AL2540 - A268)

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Amnesty International (AI) TRC Collection

  • ZA SAHA AL3102
  • Fonds
  • 1960-2003

The records accumulations that make up this collection are divided into two discrete archival groups.

The first group comprises records that document Amnesty International's immediate response to the TRC.

The second group is a detailed index of AI's archive of published materials and reports on South Africa that was used by numerous individuals and organisations for researching and compiling their respective submissions to the TRC.

Materials collected from TRC Archival Audit.

The TRC Archival Audit

Between 2003 and 2006, SAHA and Historical Papers, University of Witwatersrand embarked on a project to locate, retrieve and make available records relating to the South African Truth and Reconciliation Committee (TRC). The project entailed conducting an archival audit of all existing TRC records in order to identify and locate documentation in danger of being lost.

In the process of conducting the archival audit, SAHA and HP located many collections from individuals and organizations that participated in the TRC process, including this collection. Selections from these materials as well as TRC related material found in the freedom of Information Collection and other pre-existing SAHA and HP collections, were digitized and can be accessed online at http://truth.wwl.wits.ac.za/

A guide to archival resources relating to South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission can also be found at http://www.saha.org.za/pdf/trc_directory.pdf

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ANC Commission of Inquiry Collection

  • ZA SAHA AL2516
  • Fonds
  • 1984-1993

This collection documents the African National Congress's (ANC) enquiry into three areas: Commission of Inquiry into Recent Developments in Angola; Commission of Inquiry Investigating the Death of Mzwakhe Ngwenya (Thami Zulu) and the Motsuenyane Commission on Treatment of ANC Prisoners.

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ANC Submission to the TRC

  • ZA SAHA AL3130
  • Fonds
  • 1996 - 1997

Some access conditions apply to portions of the collection.

Materials collected from TRC Archival Audit.

The TRC Archival Audit

Between 2003 and 2006, SAHA and Historical Papers, University of Witwatersrand embarked on a project to locate, retrieve and make available records relating to the South African Truth and Reconciliation Committee (TRC). The project entailed conducting an archival audit of all existing TRC records in order to identify and locate documentation in danger of being lost.

In the process of conducting the archival audit, SAHA and HP located many collections from individuals and organizations that participated in the TRC process, including this collection. Selections from these materials as well as TRC related material found in the freedom of Information Collection and other pre-existing SAHA and HP collections, were digitized and can be accessed online at http://truth.wwl.wits.ac.za/

A guide to archival resources relating to South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission can also be found at http://www.saha.org.za/pdf/trc_directory.pdf

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ANC Youth League (ANCYL) Collection

  • ZA SAHA AL2451
  • Fonds
  • 1990 - 1991

The African National Congress Youth League (ANCYL) was re-established on 27 October 1990 in Soweto. The South African Youth Congress (SAYCO) and the ANC Youth Section, which had operated in exile, merged at this launch. The main task of the Youth League was to mobilise all sectors of the youth into active participation in the struggle to secure democracy.

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Anti-Privatisation Forum (APF) collection

  • ZA SAHA AL3290
  • Fonds
  • 2002 - 2009

The APF collection consists of paper-based and digital documents, posters, ephemera, audio-visual and oral history materials. The documents, ephemera and audio-visual materials were collected by Dale McKinley over a two year period through the APF’s own office; through individual leaders/activists/members both at the APF and community affiliate levels, and through his own substantial personal archive accumulated over a period of ten years as a co-founding member, activist and elected leader of the APF. His countless handwritten notes found all through the collection, but particularly in sections pertaining to meetings, are testament to his commitment to and involvement in the APF on many levels. In many instances where minutes are absent, McKinley’s handwritten notes are the only records documenting a particular meeting in this collection.

The APF collection has been arranged into three distinct series for the paper-based materials, the digital born materials, and the oral history materials. The audio-visual materials, posters, t-shirts, banner and stickers have been described as a further series in the inventory. However, the posters have been added to the SAHA Poster collection (AL2446) and the t-shirts, banner and stickers to the SAHA Ephemera collection (AL2540). The call numbers for these items have been added to the inventory to facilitate access. The posters, t-shirts, banner and stickers have been digitised.

The original order of the paper-based collection has mostly been retained. Materials relating to meetings, e.g. minutes and related documents, were not regrouped into the various APF committees and sub-committees, but rather kept in chronological order, together with related material to show the organic progress of development in terms of APF campaigns and APF work-related issues.

Although the digital born series holds many of the documents contained in hard copy in the paper-based collection, a decision was made to arrange this as a separate series, as the original order of materials differs from that of the paper-based collection. The order on folder level has been retained, and on item level rearranged in a chronological order.

The oral history project materials have been arranged into two sub-series of audio interviews and transcripts in alphabetical order by interviewee surname.

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Auditor-General Reports on the Accounts of the TRC

  • ZA SAHA AL3061
  • Fonds
  • 1996-2002

This collection of copies of reports of the Office of the Auditor-General falls into two categories, namely the Report of the Auditor-General on the Accounts of the TRC covering the periods 1995 – 1996 and 1996 – 1997, as well as the Report of the Auditor-General on the Financial Statement of the TRC for the periods 1997 – 1998 and for the years ending 31 March 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2002.These Reports are public records and are freely available in the public domain.

The Office of the Auditor-General donated them to the South African History Archive to promote transparency.

Apart from the hard copies available to researchers and users of the South African History Archive, the reports can be accessed on the website of the Office of the Attorney-General at: www.agsa.co.za/auditor_g.html

Both reports of the Auditor-General on the Accounts of the TRC highlighted problems that indicated unforeseen challenges to the operations of a truth commission of the nature of South Africa's TRC: there had been no precedence from which the Commission could draw when dealing with fiscal procedures and controls.

The audit of the Commission's report for the period 1995 to 1996 was discussed by Parliament's Public Accounts Committee and found to be wanting with regard to its financial controls.

This included problems such as failure to comply with tender board regulations, salaries and increases in salaries of Commissioners and dealing with donations according to regulations set by National Treasury. Corrective action was taken and reviewed in the audit for the following financial year.

The Auditor-General issued a qualified TRC account audit for the period 1996 to 1997 because the review of the corrective action taken after the first audit indicated inadequate compliance with legislative and policy requirements, some of which had been marked in the prior report, namely, compliance with State Tender Board and State Expenditure regulations. According to a public statement by the chief executive officer, the problem lies more with the new and developing fiscal challenges presented to the TRC, which were introduced in the financial period under review, than with misappropriation of funds or unauthorized expenditure.

However, apart from the deficient internal checking and control measures of the TRC, the Commission's financial record was marred by the misuse of credit cards by Commissioners as well as by a few of its senior staff members.

After intervention and corrective action by the CEO, the money thus misused was repaid and the affected members of the TRC returned their credit cards to the Commission. On 1 July 1998 the CEO of the TRC issued a detailed statement on the audit report.

A separate statement was issued on the use of official credit cards. For further information see the relevant years in 'In the media' :www.doj.gov.za

There is no indication in the records that these problems continued into the following years under review.

Materials collected from TRC Archival Audit.

The TRC Archival Audit

Between 2003 and 2006, SAHA and Historical Papers, University of Witwatersrand embarked on a project to locate, retrieve and make available records relating to the South African Truth and Reconciliation Committee (TRC). The project entailed conducting an archival audit of all existing TRC records in order to identify and locate documentation in danger of being lost.

In the process of conducting the archival audit, SAHA and HP located many collections from individuals and organizations that participated in the TRC process, including this collection. Selections from these materials as well as TRC related material found in the freedom of Information Collection and other pre-existing SAHA and HP collections, were digitized and can be accessed online at http://truth.wwl.wits.ac.za/

A guide to archival resources relating to South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission can also be found at http://www.saha.org.za/pdf/trc_directory.pdf

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Austrian Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM)

  • ZA SAHA AL2579
  • Fonds
  • 1977-1993

This collection includes an information bulletin, publications, stickers, pamphlets, posters, T-shirts and other miscellaneous items. Most of the material is in German.

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