- ZA HPRA A1849
- 1888 - 1985
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Official records of society.
Bantu Men's Social Centre
Names of major correspondents:
Other members of the Commission, F. Clarke, J.H. Hofmeyr, G.Lowe, Secretary to the Commission.
H.C. Green, Organiser v Inspector of Continuation Classes Govt departments.
P. Duncan, Minister of Education.
Commission Sir Ernest Chappell.
Clifford Meyer van Coller.
Hofmeyr, Jan Hendrik
A keen observer, Edward Bushnan Rose in his notebook records everything of interest, including an interview with General Smuts when the Boer forces were about to surrender. He included a number of photographs, which he must have obtained from the Barnett's shop in Johannesburg, which was by then run by David Barnett after the death of his brother Joseph.
Rose gives an account of the exodus from Johannesburg prior to the outbreak of war on the 11 October 1899; the alarm in the town; the journey in coal and cattle trucks; the effect in Johannesburg of the declaration of war and under martial law; looting; formation of the Uitlander corps; manufacture of ammunition; commandeering of horses and gold; government proclamations affecting rents and foodstuffs; how the news of Stormberg, Scholtzuch and Colenso was received; Christmas at Johannesburg; cautioning of rumour mongers, relief and other funds; the ambulance corps; hospitals; President Kruger and the British; conduct of Uitlanders; behaviour of the Boers during the war; Boer withdrawals, and casualties up to the relief of Kimberley and Ladysmith; the great explosion at the Begbie's Foundry, which had been used for armaments production by Boer forces, on the 24 April 1900 ; restarting the mines; Smuts ultimatum; termination of the war; condition of British prison camps; surrender of Johannesburg; Dr. Krause's proclamation; hoisting the Union Jack and the surrender of Pretoria.
Edward Bushnan Rose
The "B" box collection relates mainly to the period 1930 to 1950, although there are some documents as early as 1926 and some all late as 1961. This inventory boar the title "Part I" as there have been subsequent deposits of the Institute's archives which will be inventoried at a later date.
The "B" box collection has been retained as an entity in accordance with Standard archival practice and the files have been kept in their original order. Many of the files overlap and contain material irrelevant to the subject matter of the file. In view of the extensive use made of the collection over the last ten years by researchers who took references according to the then existing arrangement, it was decided not to re-sort. The present box numbers have been retained, but the files which previously bore an alphabetical notation have now been given a numerical one, e.g. the original 4f now becomes 4.6.
This inventory lists the number of items in each file, mention the names of the principal correspondents, indicates the subject field and itemises anything of particular importance. A brief sketch of the Institute is included and a comprehensive index of all personal names mentioned in the inventory and of selective subject fields has been provided, thus bringing together scattered subjects. The words "Native", "African", "Bantu" and "Non-European" have been used where they were the approved nomenclature of the day.
Subjects covered are the social and economic conditions of Blacks, Coloureds and Indians, with particular reference to education, literacy, land, farm labour, labour relations, housing, the urban Black, health and welfare services, medical training, juvenile delinquency, the liquor problem, discriminatory legislation and penal reform. This collection, covering almost three decades, in of great importance to economic, social and political historians.
Anna M. Cunningham, 1 August 1981.
South African Institute of Race Relations (SAIRR)
The "Marxist Workers Tendency (MWT) of the ANC", was founded in 1979 by Mark Heywood, Paula Ensor, Dave Hemson and Martin Legassick. The MWT was a result of a conflict with the South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU) and the then exiled African National Congress (ANC), trying to persuade them to commit to policies towards a socialist revolution in South Africa.
During that time Mark Heywood was instrumental in setting up the Philemon Mauku Defence Campaign and the Leeukop Political Prisoners Support Committee.
The documents submitted in 2016 relate mainly to his post-1994 activism as part of organisations such as the Centre for Applied Legal Studies (CALS); the AIDS Law Project (ALP), which evolved from CALS and which was later incorporated into 'Section 27', where Mark Heywood served as Executive Director at the time of the additional submissions; and the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC). The documents also include some personal papers.
UNISA Documentation Centre for African Studies, May 1981.
The documents of the accession, totalling 118 pages, relate to the early work of the two missionaries in Valdezia between 1874 and 1899 and give an insight into the difficulties and hardships of early missionary life in Southern Africa of that period.
There is an extensive and almost complete set of correspondence (including copies and translations) and other documents in connection with the missionaries' requests to the authorities, namely of the Transvaal Republic, for permission to "preach the gospel to the heathen" of the Spelonken area. The request was refused in spite of the fact that the Church already owned a farm in Valdezia. Later after the two men had been taken to Marabastad and kept prisoner there for a considerable time for ignoring the orders from the State Secretary to cease their activities, permission was eventually granted to do missionary work - but only on their own farm! So the battle for recognition continued. Of special interest here is the 'Declaration' of the 'Commission des Missions' of October 1876 and a copy/translation of a letter from the President of the Swiss Confederation asking for the same rights to be given to Rev. Creux and Berthoud as to other missionaries of "friendly nations".
There is further considerable correspondence between Creux and the 'Commissaris naturellen' re various troubles concerning the local inhabitants in connection with work, taxes and warfare with chiefs Modjadji and Magato. Other letters deal with diseases and the need for vaccine, gifts of fruit, milk and meat. Documents concerning Albasini, 'Commissioner over the Natives of Spelonken' and 'Knopneus kaptein,' are kept separately.
All letters are, except where indicated, handwritten and in the original. They are in English, French and Dutch with a few in Tsonga.
The spelling of names of places and persons are given as they appear in the documents and therefore varies.
5 Photographs including the deputation of the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) to England in 1914; Sol Plaatje in England and Canada in 1921; and two unidentified and undated groups including Sol Plaatje.
Solomon Tshekisho Plaatje