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Ellen Hellmann Papers

  • ZA HPRA A1419
  • collection
  • 1898 - 1982

The collection consist of articles, reports and talks by Ellen Hellman, as well as letters, booklets and press clippings. Also included are photographs, which were taken by Ellen Hellmann, and which often accompanied her research and reports.

Ellen Hellmann

Catherine Higgs

  • ZA HPRA A1749
  • collection
  • 1984

Hon. Thesis by Catherine Higgs, entitled "The political thought and career of Edgar H. Brookes", submitted to the Department of History, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada, 1984.

Charles Cowen Papers

  • ZA HPRA A182
  • collection
  • 1851 - 1896

The Cowen Papers consist of correspondence, sketches, notes, photographs and printed items. They were collected together during the years 1894-1896 by Cowen, who was anxious to discover the true history of the massacre of the Tyumie (sometimes written Chumie) Valley military settlers during the so called 8th "Kaffir War" of 1850-1852. The Gaikas were enraged against the military settlers because they were occupying their favourite land and this ill-feeling increased when the military settlers seized Gaika cattle trespassing on their land and when the Gaikas thought that Chief Tyali's grave had been desecrated. On Christmas Day 1850 the Gaikas under Chief Sandile (1823-1878) attacked the military settlers, wiping out all at Woburn, killing all the men at Auckland but allowing the women to escape and burning Juanasberg, from which the settlers had escaped. Cowen had written to missionaries, government servants and military men who had been present during the massacre in an attempt to find the true facts.

The papers reveal a surprising divergence in the stories of certain individuals. In particular the account of Captain J.M. Stevenson, formerly superintendent of Juanasberg, differed substantially from the stories of the missionaries. As part of his enquiry Cowen published in 1896 a pamphlet by J.M. Stevenson, with a preface written by himself, entitled Tyumie Valley Massacres. This pamphlet had wide margins to allow for comments by the readers. Other correspondents included Captain G. Armytage, 1st Superintendent at Woburn, A.W. Baker, Civil Commissioner, Alice, W.B. Chalmers, Civil Commissioner, King Williams Town, The Rev. J.F. Cumming, missionary at Gwali, W. Dewey, editor of the Alice Times and J.B. Liefeldt, Inspector of Natives, Victoria East.

The papers contain interesting accounts by missionaries and soldiers who survived the massacre and there are photographs of contemporary sketches of various localities in the Tyumie Valley. Their provenance is not known, other than that they were part of the original Gubbins collection of Africana. Another Cowen item, a copybook, was destroyed by fire at the University of the Witwatersrand in December 1931.

Cowen, Charles

Katlehong Township, Records

  • ZA HPRA A1880
  • collection
  • 1939 - 1976

The collection contains Correspondence, reports, memoranda, minutes and bursary applications relating to finance, health, education, juvenile delinquency, unemployment and the administration of the township. It also includes Advisory Board and Management Committee minutes and correspondence. Other organisations involved are the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, National Development Foundation, South African Institute of Race Relations, South African Bureau of Racial Affairs and the Transvaal Municipal Association.

Papers of John Gaspard Gubbins

  • ZA HPRA A1479
  • collection
  • 1877 - 1981

Africana book collector and antiquarian

Correspondence, personal documents, biographical notes, memoranda, photographs and a scrap-book relating primarily to the acquisition of his Africana library, its transfer to the University of the Witwatersrand and destruction by fire in 1931 and to his voyage round the world in 1932-1933 to try and make good his losses. Correspondence is mainly with H.R. Raikes, Principal of the University of the Witwatersrand, but other correspondents include Sir William Dalrymple, M.W. Gray, J.D. Rheinallt Jones, P.W. Laidler, J.H. Pim and General J.C. Smuts.

Also correspondence of Dr. P.H. Butterfield re., his biography of Dr. Gubbins.

Sidney Percival Bunting Papers

  • ZA HPRA A949
  • collection
  • 1922 - 1945

The collection includes correspondence, notes and writings relating to the work of the Communist Party, the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union of Africa (I.C.U.) and other trade unions, labour relations and race problems, as well as S.P. Bunting's contributions at the Sixth Congress of the Communist International in 1928.

The collection also entails correspondence and newspaper articles by Edward Roux, a founding member of the Young Communist League in 1921 and leader in the early Communist Party. Together with S.P. Bunting and his wife Rebecca Bunting, he went to Moscow as a South African delegate to the Sixth Congress of the Communist International in 1928. He wrote a political biography of S.P.Bunting in 1944.

Bunting, Sidney Percival

Kadalie, Clements

  • ZA HPRA A923
  • collection
  • 1943 - 1954

Papers relating to the publication of the book of Clements Kadalie, trade union leader and General Secretary of the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union (ICU), entitled "My life and the I.C.U.".

The Book was intended to be published under the editorship of E. Roux. It was eventually published in 1970 by Cass, London, and edited by Stanley Trapido.

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