Fonds SCRAP - Scrap Books from Robben Island

Scrap Book 1 Scrap Book 2 Scrap Book 3 Scrap Book 4

Identity area

Reference code



Scrap Books from Robben Island


  • 1963-1968 (Accumulation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

Two bound items and loose newspaper cuttings

Context area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe was the founder of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) in April 1959. He was instrumental in the PAC's anti-pass campaign, which was launched on the 21 March 1960, and which culminated in what was later to became known as the Sharpeville Massacre.
Robert Sobukwe was banished for his political activities and later sentenced to three years in prison. In order to be able to prolong his imprisonment, the South African Parliament passed a General Law Amendment Act called the "Sobukwe Clause". He was moved to Robben Island where he remained for 6 years in solitary confinement. He was released in May 1969 and banished to Kimberley.
Robert Sobukwe died on the 27 February 1978 from lung complications after a long illness. He was buried in Graaff-Reinet.

Archival history

The physical items form part of the personal papers of Robert Sobukwe which he collected and which were looked after by his wife Veronica and his children after his death. The scrapbooks are presently held in trust at the archive of the Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe Museum & Learning Centre.

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

The scrap books were provided by Dini Sobukwe on behalf of the Sobukwe family.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Collections of newspaper cutting, mainly from Cape Town based newspapers such as Cape Argus, The Cape Times, but also other newspapers, such as Die Burger, Rand Daily Mail, Sundays Express.

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Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Permission to use the scrap books for publication has to be obtained from the Sobukwe family.

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Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

The scrapbooks are presently held in trust at the archive of the Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe Museum & Learning Centre.

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Archivist's note

Uploading and describing the scrap book items in digital format was carried out in collaboration between the Robert Sobukwe Museum & Learning Centre and the Historical Papers Research Archive, University of the Witwatersrand.

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