- 1963-1968 (Accumulation)
Level of description
Extent and medium
Two bound items and loose newspaper cuttings
Name of creator
Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe was the founder of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) in April 1959. He was instrumental in the PAC's anti-pass campaign, which was launched on the 21 March 1960, and which culminated in what was later to became known as the Sharpeville Massacre.
Robert Sobukwe was banished for his political activities and later sentenced to three years in prison. In order to be able to prolong his imprisonment, the South African Parliament passed a General Law Amendment Act called the "Sobukwe Clause". He was moved to Robben Island where he remained for 6 years in solitary confinement. He was released in May 1969 and banished to Kimberley.
Robert Sobukwe died on the 27 February 1978 from lung complications after a long illness. He was buried in Graaff-Reinet.
The physical items form part of the personal papers of Robert Sobukwe which he collected and which were looked after by his wife Veronica and his children after his death. The scrapbooks are presently held in trust at the archive of the Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe Museum & Learning Centre.
Immediate source of acquisition or transfer
The scrap books were provided by Dini Sobukwe on behalf of the Sobukwe family.
Content and structure area
Scope and content
Collections of newspaper cutting, mainly from Cape Town based newspapers such as Cape Argus, The Cape Times, but also other newspapers, such as Die Burger, Rand Daily Mail, Sundays Express.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling
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Conditions of access and use area
Conditions governing access
Conditions governing reproduction
Permission to use the scrap books for publication has to be obtained from the Sobukwe family.
Language of material
Script of material
Language and script notes
Physical characteristics and technical requirements
Allied materials area
Existence and location of originals
The scrapbooks are presently held in trust at the archive of the Robert Mangaliso Sobukwe Museum & Learning Centre.
Existence and location of copies
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Description control area
Rules and/or conventions used
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Dates of creation revision deletion
Uploading and describing the scrap book items in digital format was carried out in collaboration between the Robert Sobukwe Museum & Learning Centre and the Historical Papers Research Archive, University of the Witwatersrand.